The Knowledge in the Sufi literature
|Written by Editor VOPUS|
The eternal Gnosis, the Eternal Knowledge has expressed itself in many forms in all the civilizations throughout the time. The Islamic tradition could not have been failed. Every great religion has two parts: an exoteric one - adressed to all mankind, and an esoteric part, which means occult, for those few who really want to understand the purpose of living and the origin of everything that the world and the human being is, that means liberation. In the Islamic tradition, the esoteric or the mystic branch is called sufism.
Much has been written about sufism, and this study dosen’t aim to explain once again what sufism is, but aims to make a parallel between sufi poems and gnostic principles, and reveal the hidden knowledge from whithin.
Studying the sufi texts we come to find that their vision of the knowledge, or better said of the path through which one can obtain knowledge, it is called 'irfan or ma'rifat', the equivalent of gnosis in Greek. First of all, we have to define what knowledge means. The Greeks had two words to describe Knowledge, episteme - that means: intellectual knowledge that you can learn from books, ideas, concepts; and gnosis - knowledge that one can achieve only through experience, or so called the intuitional knowledge that doesn’t need books, intelect, concept to know and understand...The gnostic teachings are based properly on this last one type of knowledge, on the experiential knowledge of the life, of the Divine - precisely it was defiend with this name. Therefore, knowledge of the Divine is not intellectual, conceptual- but personal and intuitional experience:
Soul receives from soul that knowledge, therefore not by book nor from tongue.
All that is left
Gnoti seauton= Noscete ipsum (et nosces universum et deos)= Man 'arafa nafsahu fe qad 'arafa rabbahu. The Sufi doctrine has at its basis a prophetic hadith: “Man 'arafa nafsahu fe qad 'arafa rabbahu”, which means: “Who comes to know himself will come to know his Lord.”
All traditions that bring out the true knowledge relie on self knowledge, because knowing thyself, you will know the causes of suffering, of death, of life. The Ancient Greece had a well-known Oracle that was contained in the Temple of Delphi. This oracle was indeed composed by the sybils, foreseers of the future, and all the great Greek kings were visiting this Temple in order to get predictions and help for their future. They were encountered by a phrase on the walls of this Temple- gnoti seauton= know thyself and you will know the universe and the gods that leads it...
Man 'arafa nafsahu fe qad 'arafa rabbahu”= Who comes to know himself will come to know his Lord.
Let go of your worries
The universal religious principles
The Divine Wisdom, the Truth expresses itself in different manners and forms throughout time and space, addapting itself to people, places and centuries. This is how religions, mystic and spiritual schools born, as Samael Aun Weor states: “All religions are precious jewels on the golden string of Divinity”. Every authentic knowledge and every “awakened” will always recognize that, because beyond concepts, theories and opinions - the Truth is always there to be revealed:
What are "I" and "You"?
Mahmud Shabistari, translation by Andrew Harvey and Eryk Hanut - 'Perfume of the Desert'
O Marvel! a garden amidst the flames.
Ibn al-`Arabi, Tarjuman al-Ashwaq, In The Mystics of Islam
Piousness and the path of love
Shaikh Abu Saeed Abil Kheir - "Nobody, Son of Nobody"
O Love, You who have been called by a thousand names,
The purpose of Living- The Being
To live just to be living is a completely non-sense, as everything that the material world has to offer is perishable, ephemeral, transient, and is not worthy to be pursued because it will never be achieved for more then some seconds, minutes, years. As the Eclesiast says: “Vanitas vanitatum, omnia vanitas” - “Vanity of vanities, everything is vanity”.
What is not vanity, meaningless is exactly the Source, the Being, the Divine, and therefore the purpose of life is re-ligare, reconnect with the source of Life. With the One that awaits in secret every mortal of the face of the Earth when this last one decided that has had enough with the world and himself and wants to go in search of his origins, when he decided that is worth “give up everything in order to achieve everything”...The sufis call the Being as “Allah”, the “Beloved”, the “Essence of the Essence”, “the intoxication of Love”, the “Sun of Tabriz” or simply “He” or “You”:
One I seek, one I know, one I see, one I call.
Jalaluddin Rumi - 'The Love Poems of Rumi'
Your love has wrested me away from me,
The Ego is known in all religions and spiritual streams as the sins, the psychic aggregates, the interior demons and they have been catalogued as being 7 principals: wrath, greed, sloth, pride, lust, envy, and gluttony. The psychology called them “I’s”, the Self or the Ego.
Jalaluddin Rumi - In the Arms of the Beloved
He said, "Why is the palace deserted?"
The Ego is the imperfection, all the pleasures, desires, thoughts, feelings from within that give us the false impression, the illusion that we have a reality, that we exist indeed, and that keeps us apart from the Perfection, from the Being. Every authentic school of mysteries teach that through self annihilation, that is destroying each and every “I” that compose our Psychic, one can clean its Interior by impurities and reveal the imperishable, immortal and unfading Reality, which is Awakening from the Sleep of the Conscious to see, touch and feel the Being, or how the Sufis say - to “claim Solomon’s kingdom”.
Until you become an unbeliever in your own self,
Shaikh Abu-Saeed Abil-Kheir - 'Nobody, Son of Nobody'
I stood with the pious and I didn’t find any progress with them. I stood with the warriors in the cause and I didn’t find a single step of progress with them. Then I said, ‘O Allah, what is the way to You?’ and Allah said, ‘Leave yourself and come.’
For years, copying other people, I tried to know myself.
Inside this new love, die.
Jalaluddin Rumi - The Essential Rumi
If you can disentangle
Hafiz - "Persian Poems"
The Mind, the Intellect - Meditation
“The best way to think is to not think anymore” - Samael Aun Weor.
Everyone is overridden by thoughts;
Rumi - Mathnawi II, 3559-3561 - 'Rumi: Jewels of Remembrance'
Out beyond all ideas,
Were it not for
Ibn al-`Arabi, Tarjuman al-Ashwaq, in The Mystics of Islam
This Love is beyond the study of theology,
Jalaluddin Rumi - Sleep on
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